CAP – Conservation Action Planning

Conservation Action Planning – CAP as it is commonly known – evolved over the years from  the “Four S’s” approach by the Nature Conservancy, through the “Five S’s” approach, to become CAP, and subsequently, the Open Standards for the Practice of Conservation.

Many iterations of the approach exist, and indeed the approach is still evolving.

We have included two of these early iterations here for people to see how the approach has evolved and also to provide handy references for people that wish acknowledge these early documents.


Low (2003) Landscape Scale Conservation – A Practitioners Guide. The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, Virginia

TNC (2007) Conservation Action Planning Handbook: Developing Strategies, Taking Action and Measuring Success at Any Scale.
The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, VA.



Download document(s)


Leave a Reply