6 Human Intrusions & Disturbance
Definition: Threats from human activities that alter, destroy and disturb habitats and species associated with non-consumptive uses of biological resources
Exposition: Non-consumptive use means that the resource is not removed – multiple people can use the same resource (for example, birdwatching). These threats typically do not permanently destroy habitat except perhaps in extremely severe manifestations.
6.1 Recreational Activities
Definition: People spending time in nature or traveling in vehicles outside of established transport corridors, usually for recreational reasons
Exposition: This category does not include work involving consumptive use of biodiversity – for example disturbance impacts from loggers or hunters would be in the appropriate category in 5. Biological Resource Use. Vehicles and boats in established transport corridors go in 4. Transportation & Service Corridors. The development of permanent recreational or tourist facilities (such as hotels and resorts) should be included under section 1.3 Tourism & Recreation Areas rather than here.
- off-road vehicles
- ultralight planes
- dive boats
- whale watching
- mountain bikes
- cross-country skiers
- scuba divers
- pets brought into recreation areas
- temporary campsites
6.2 War, Civil Unrest & Military Exercises
Definition: Actions by formal or paramilitary forces without a permanent footprint
Exposition: This category focuses on military activities that have a large impact on natural habitats, but are not permanently restricted to a single area. Permanent military bases should go under 1.2 Commercial & Industrial Areas. Other military activities might best be assigned to other categories. For example, hunting of specific animals by soldiers living off the land fits under 5.1 Hunting & Collecting Terrestrial Animals.
- armed conflict
- mine fields
- tanks & other military vehicles
- training exercises & ranges
- munitions testing
6.3 Work & Other Activities
Definition: People spending time in or traveling in natural environments for reasons other than recreation, military activities, or research
Exposition: This will probably not be a commonly used category.
- law enforcement
- drug smugglers
- illegal immigrants
- species research