Definition: Threats from human settlements or other non-agricultural land uses with a substantial footprint

Exposition: These are threats tied to a defined and relatively compact area, which distinguishes them from those in 4. Transportation & Service Corridors which have a long narrow footprint, and 6. Human Intrusions & Disturbance which do not have an explicit footprint.

1.1 Housing & Urban Areas

Definition: Human cities, towns, and settlements including non-housing development typically integrated with housing

Exposition: This category obviously dovetails somewhat arbitrarily with 1.2 Commercial & Industrial Areas. As a general rule, however, if people live in the development, it should fall into this category.

Examples:

  • urban areas
  • suburbs
  • villages
  • ranchettes
  • vacation homes
  • shopping areas
  • offices
  • schools
  • hospitals
  • birds flying into windows

1.2 Commercial & Industrial Areas

Definition: Factories and other commercial centers

Exposition: Shipyards and airports fall into this category, whereas shipping lanes and flight paths fall under 4. Transportation & Service Corridors. Dams are NOT included here, rather they are in 7.2 Dams & Water Management/Use.

Examples:

  • military bases
  • factories
  • stand-alone shopping centers
  • office parks
  • power plants
  • train yards
  • ship yards
  • airports
  • landfills

1.3 Tourism & Recreation Areas

Definition: Tourism and recreation sites with a substantial footprint

Exposition: There is a fine line between housing and vacation housing/resorts. Be careful not to confuse this category, which focuses on the habitat effects of recreation areas, with those in 6.1 Recreational Activities, which focuses on the disturbance effects posed by recreation.

Examples:

  • ski areas
  • golf courses
  • resorts
  • cricket fields
  • county parks
  • afghan goat polo fields
  • campgrounds